In the future, fewer young workers will contribute (ILO, 2013, p. 22: Global activity rates by age as a percentage, women, 1990, 2010, 2020 ). By digitizing along with the new working models of Industry 4.0 is a new world of work (Universität St. Gallen, 2016, p.7). These altered factors in different areas constitute a challenge to reflect on.
Studies show that people who are currently in the third phase of life, are active (Gassner et al, 2015, p.13).
The period of third phase is expanding more and more because of higher life expectation, new technologies and higher quality of life.
By offering flexible working models on the basis of independence in the third phase of life older people who would like to work longer can be integrated into the market and
1) work flexible in time limited projects,
2) transfer their knowledge and experience,
3) step flexible into a interims positions which are more and more often caused by the failure of burnout patients.
The approach of flexible working models on the basis of independence in the third phase of life companies take the risk of hiring older people.
To reduce the barriers for an occupation after retirement on the basis of independence the working models must offer older people support in terms of administration, job offers and training.